According to the Fifth Five Year Development Plan, in Iran, renewable resources, under the green horizonAccording to the Fifth Five Year Development Plan, in Iran, renewable resources, under the green horizonscenarios, must provide 5,000 MW of electricity. Among different types of renewable source of energy, there isno shortage of information in Iran, which is located near to zero line (earth’s equator), with about 300 clearsunny days in a year, about setting policies promoting solar energy. Taking into account the availability andbenefits of solar energy for Iran, this paper has focused on solar energy.
Recent statistics show that, if the current development plans proceed, the capacity of the installed renewableenergy systems would reach 2.8GW by 2030. This requires more than 2800 million US dollar investment in 20years, i.e., 2010 to 2030. Despite the advantages of using solar energy, such as reducing greenhouse gases, it isimportant to note that solar power is 2.5 to 5 times as expensive as electricity from existing conventional powersources, such as coal and other sources. In order to encourage people to use solar power, there is a need tochange our laws and establish an integrated energy regulation, involving tax policy mechanisms to support thedeployment of solar energy in Iran. As Iran is dependent upon its fossil fuels, the transition from fossil fuels torenewable, which is a worldwide goal to reduce GHG or CO2 emissions, requires the adoption of acomprehensive policy and integrated regulation nationwide, taking a multidisciplinary approach.
This paperexemplifies and considers the 2005 Energy Policy Act and Investment Tax Credit (ICT) for residential energyproperty, illustrating how solar-energy-regulation could contribute to the sustained development of solar energy.The main purpose is to help the development of sustainable solar energy regulation in Iran.
Under the Fifth Five Year Development Plan (The Fifth Five Year Economic, 2011), renewable resources in IranUnder the Fifth Five Year Development Plan (The Fifth Five Year Economic, 2011), renewable resources in Iranare supposed to provide 5,000 MW of electricity. Najafi and et al, predict that the capacity of the installedrenewable energy systems would reach 2.8GW by 2030, which requires more than 2800 million US dollarinvestment in 2010-2030 (Najafi et al., 2015). In this respect, Alamdari and et al conducted feasibility studiesacross Iran on using solar energy, gathering data from 63 stations. The studies show that Iran’s central andsouthern regions, except for the southern coastal areas, and Southern Khorasan and Khuzestan provinces, seemto be more reliable and beneficial to establish sites in those places, in terms of receiving high amounts ofhorizontal radiations (Alamdari et al., 2013).
Another study has focused on three free economic and industrialzones of Iran, called Chabahar, Kish and Salafchegan. It also demonstrates a tremendous result, showing that allthree regions have great potential solar and wind energy throughout the year suitable for utilizing different typesof solar energy systems (Mohammadi et al., 2014). Some researchers have focused on special cities. For example,Khorasanizadeh, et al, evaluated 6 models to measure daily solar radiation data in four cities: Bandarabass,Isfahan, Kerman and Tabass (Khorasanizadeh & Mohammadi, 2013).
Such studies suggest that, practically, oneof the major challenges for the establishment and development of every site is financing. Another challenge isthe lack of necessary supportive regulations, which must be solved nationwide. All necessary legislative andadministrative measures must be taken by the Government, on the one hand, and, the legislative bodies, on theother hand, to establish sustainable solar energy development. To encourage Iranian people we need to give theanswer to one of the main questions as to what sustainable solar energy development is.
Basically, energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy is possibly the cleanest sourcesBasically, energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy is possibly the cleanest sourcesof energy we can get. As opposed to non-renewable (e.g. fossil fuels) energy sources, solar energy is a renewableenergy source. Solar power reduces our use of fossil fuels and does not pollute. Usually harnessing solar energydoes not cause pollution. Everyone has a responsibility to reduce his or her individual carbon footprint, whichcan be realized by means of using solar power. Indeed, using this kind of renewable energy can help reduce ourindividual carbon footprint, that is, the total amount of greenhouse gases (GHGs) produced, directly or indirectly,from human activities.